Brain Connectivity & Machine Learning

Dynamic properties of calcium-activated chloride currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes

Ildefonso de la Fuente, Iker Malaina, Alberto Perez-Samartin, Maria D. Boyano, Gorka Perez- Yarza, Carlos Bringas, Alvaro Villarroel, Maria Fedetz, Jesus M Cortes and Luis Martinez. Dynamic properties of calcium-activated chloride currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Scientific Reports 7:41791, 2017 [pdf]
Chloride is the most abundant permeable anion in the cell, and numerous studies in the last two decades highlight the great importance and broad physiological role of chloride currents mediated anion transport. They participate in a multiplicity of key processes, as for instance, the regulation of electrical excitability, apoptosis, cell cycle, epithelial secretion and neuronal excitability. In addition, dysfunction of Cl − channels is involved in a variety of human diseases such as epilepsy, osteoporosis and different cancer types. Historically, chloride channels have been of less interest than the cation channels. In fact, there seems to be practically no quantitative studies of the dynamics of chloride currents. Here, for the first time, we have quantitatively studied experimental calcium- activated chloride fluxes belonging to Xenopus laevis oocytes, and the main results show that the experimental Cl − currents present an informational structure characterized by highly organized data sequences, long-term memory properties and inherent “crossover” dynamics in which persistent correlations arise at short time intervals, while anti-persistent behaviors become dominant in long time intervals. Our work sheds some light on the understanding of the informational properties of ion currents, a key element to elucidate the physiological functional coupling with the integrative dynamics of metabolic processes.

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