DUSP5 expression associates with poor prognosis in human neuroblastoma

Olaia Aurtenetxe, Laura Zaldumbide, Asier erramuzpe, Ricardo Lpez, Jos I Lopez, Jess M Cortes, Rafael Pulido* and Caroline E Nunes-Xavier*. (*Equal last-author contribution). DUSP5 expression associates with poor prognosis in human neuroblastoma. Experimental and Molecular Pathology, 2018. In press [pdf]

Regulation of growth and differentiation of neuroblastoma (NB) cells is the rational of some maintenance therapies for high-risk NB. MAP kinase phosphatases (MKPs) are potential physiologic regulators of neuronal differentiation and survival, but their expression patterns in NB are scarcely known. Here, an expression analysis of the MKP family has been performed using human NB tumor samples and human NB cell lines (SH-SY5Y, SMS-KCNR, and IMR-32) undergoing retinoic acid (RA)-induced differentiation or subjected to stimuli that activate the MAPK ERK1/2 pathway. We have identified candidate MKPs that could modulate differentiation and growth of NB cells. pERK1/2 high expression correlated with high expression of the MKP DUSP5 in NB tumors, and was associated with poor prognosis. ERK1/2 activation on SH-SY5Y cells was accompanied by increased cell proliferation, and correlated with the expression levels of DUSP5. Accordingly, siRNA knock-down of DUSP5 augmented proliferation of SH-SY5Y cells. Our findings provide insights into the dynamic expression of MKPs in NB cells, disclose DUSP5 as a potential marker of NB poor prognosis, and suggest a role for DUSP5 in limiting ERK1/2-mediated NB proliferation.

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